verttransform_gfs.f90 20.1 KB
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! SPDX-FileCopyrightText: FLEXPART 1998-2019, see flexpart_license.txt
! SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-3.0-or-later
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subroutine verttransform_gfs(n,uuh,vvh,wwh,pvh)
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  !                      i  i   i   i   i
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  !*****************************************************************************
  !                                                                            *
  !     This subroutine transforms temperature, dew point temperature and      *
  !     wind components from eta to meter coordinates.                         *
  !     The vertical wind component is transformed from Pa/s to m/s using      *
  !     the conversion factor pinmconv.                                        *
  !     In addition, this routine calculates vertical density gradients        *
  !     needed for the parameterization of the turbulent velocities.           *
  !                                                                            *
  !     Author: A. Stohl, G. Wotawa                                            *
  !                                                                            *
  !     12 August 1996                                                         *
  !     Update: 16 January 1998                                                *
  !                                                                            *
  !     Major update: 17 February 1999                                         *
  !     by G. Wotawa                                                           *
  !     CHANGE 17/11/2005 Caroline Forster, NCEP GFS version                   *
  !                                                                            *
  !   - Vertical levels for u, v and w are put together                        *
  !   - Slope correction for vertical velocity: Modification of calculation    *
  !     procedure                                                              *
  !                                                                            *
  !*****************************************************************************
  !  Changes, Bernd C. Krueger, Feb. 2001:
  !   Variables tth and qvh (on eta coordinates) from common block
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  !
  !   Unified ECMWF and GFS builds                                      
  !   Marian Harustak, 12.5.2017                                        
  !     - Renamed routine from verttransform to verttransform_gfs
  !
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  !*****************************************************************************
  !                                                                            *
  ! Variables:                                                                 *
  ! nx,ny,nz                        field dimensions in x,y and z direction    *
  ! uu(0:nxmax,0:nymax,nzmax,2)     wind components in x-direction [m/s]       *
  ! vv(0:nxmax,0:nymax,nzmax,2)     wind components in y-direction [m/s]       *
  ! ww(0:nxmax,0:nymax,nzmax,2)     wind components in z-direction [deltaeta/s]*
  ! tt(0:nxmax,0:nymax,nzmax,2)     temperature [K]                            *
  ! pv(0:nxmax,0:nymax,nzmax,2)     potential voriticity (pvu)                 *
  ! ps(0:nxmax,0:nymax,2)           surface pressure [Pa]                      *
  ! clouds(0:nxmax,0:nymax,0:nzmax,2) cloud field for wet deposition           *
  !                                                                            *
  !*****************************************************************************

  use par_mod
  use com_mod
  use cmapf_mod

  implicit none

  integer :: ix,jy,kz,iz,n,kmin,kl,klp,ix1,jy1,ixp,jyp,ixm,jym
  integer :: rain_cloud_above,kz_inv
  real :: f_qvsat,pressure
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  real :: rh,lsp,cloudh_min,convp,prec
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  real :: rhoh(nuvzmax),pinmconv(nzmax)
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  real :: ew,pint,tv,tvold,pold,dz1,dz2,dz,ui,vi
  real :: xlon,ylat,xlonr,dzdx,dzdy
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  real :: dzdx1,dzdx2,dzdy1,dzdy2,cosf
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  real :: uuaux,vvaux,uupolaux,vvpolaux,ddpol,ffpol,wdummy
  real :: uuh(0:nxmax-1,0:nymax-1,nuvzmax)
  real :: vvh(0:nxmax-1,0:nymax-1,nuvzmax)
  real :: pvh(0:nxmax-1,0:nymax-1,nuvzmax)
  real :: wwh(0:nxmax-1,0:nymax-1,nwzmax)
  real :: wzlev(nwzmax),uvwzlev(0:nxmax-1,0:nymax-1,nzmax)
  real,parameter :: const=r_air/ga

  ! NCEP version
  integer :: llev, i

  logical :: init = .true.


  !*************************************************************************
  ! If verttransform is called the first time, initialize heights of the   *
  ! z levels in meter. The heights are the heights of model levels, where  *
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  ! u,v,T and qv are given.                                                *
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  !*************************************************************************

  if (init) then

  ! Search for a point with high surface pressure (i.e. not above significant topography)
  ! Then, use this point to construct a reference z profile, to be used at all times
  !*****************************************************************************

    do jy=0,nymin1
      do ix=0,nxmin1
        if (ps(ix,jy,1,n).gt.100000.) then
          ixm=ix
          jym=jy
          goto 3
        endif
      end do
    end do
3   continue


    tvold=tt2(ixm,jym,1,n)*(1.+0.378*ew(td2(ixm,jym,1,n))/ &
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    ps(ixm,jym,1,n))
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    pold=ps(ixm,jym,1,n)
    height(1)=0.

    do kz=2,nuvz
      pint=akz(kz)+bkz(kz)*ps(ixm,jym,1,n)
      tv=tth(ixm,jym,kz,n)*(1.+0.608*qvh(ixm,jym,kz,n))

      if (abs(tv-tvold).gt.0.2) then
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        height(kz)=height(kz-1)+const*log(pold/pint)* &
        (tv-tvold)/log(tv/tvold)
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      else
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        height(kz)=height(kz-1)+const*log(pold/pint)*tv
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      endif

      tvold=tv
      pold=pint
    end do


  ! Determine highest levels that can be within PBL
  !************************************************

    do kz=1,nz
      if (height(kz).gt.hmixmax) then
        nmixz=kz
        goto 9
      endif
    end do
9   continue

  ! Do not repeat initialization of the Cartesian z grid
  !*****************************************************

    init=.false.

  endif


  ! Loop over the whole grid
  !*************************

  do jy=0,nymin1
    do ix=0,nxmin1

  ! NCEP version: find first level above ground
      llev = 0
      do i=1,nuvz
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        if (ps(ix,jy,1,n).lt.akz(i)) llev=i
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      end do
       llev = llev+1
       if (llev.gt.nuvz-2) llev = nuvz-2
  !     if (llev.eq.nuvz-2) write(*,*) 'verttransform
  !    +WARNING: LLEV eq NUZV-2'
  ! NCEP version


  ! compute height of pressure levels above ground
  !***********************************************

      tvold=tth(ix,jy,llev,n)*(1.+0.608*qvh(ix,jy,llev,n))
      pold=akz(llev)
      wzlev(llev)=0.
      uvwzlev(ix,jy,llev)=0.
      rhoh(llev)=pold/(r_air*tvold)

      do kz=llev+1,nuvz
        pint=akz(kz)+bkz(kz)*ps(ix,jy,1,n)
        tv=tth(ix,jy,kz,n)*(1.+0.608*qvh(ix,jy,kz,n))
        rhoh(kz)=pint/(r_air*tv)

        if (abs(tv-tvold).gt.0.2) then
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          uvwzlev(ix,jy,kz)=uvwzlev(ix,jy,kz-1)+const*log(pold/pint)* &
          (tv-tvold)/log(tv/tvold)
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        else
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          uvwzlev(ix,jy,kz)=uvwzlev(ix,jy,kz-1)+const*log(pold/pint)*tv
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        endif
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        wzlev(kz)=uvwzlev(ix,jy,kz)
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        tvold=tv
        pold=pint
      end do

  ! pinmconv=(h2-h1)/(p2-p1)

      pinmconv(llev)=(uvwzlev(ix,jy,llev+1)-uvwzlev(ix,jy,llev))/ &
           ((aknew(llev+1)+bknew(llev+1)*ps(ix,jy,1,n))- &
           (aknew(llev)+bknew(llev)*ps(ix,jy,1,n)))
      do kz=llev+1,nz-1
        pinmconv(kz)=(uvwzlev(ix,jy,kz+1)-uvwzlev(ix,jy,kz-1))/ &
             ((aknew(kz+1)+bknew(kz+1)*ps(ix,jy,1,n))- &
             (aknew(kz-1)+bknew(kz-1)*ps(ix,jy,1,n)))
      end do
      pinmconv(nz)=(uvwzlev(ix,jy,nz)-uvwzlev(ix,jy,nz-1))/ &
           ((aknew(nz)+bknew(nz)*ps(ix,jy,1,n))- &
           (aknew(nz-1)+bknew(nz-1)*ps(ix,jy,1,n)))


  ! Levels, where u,v,t and q are given
  !************************************

      uu(ix,jy,1,n)=uuh(ix,jy,llev)
      vv(ix,jy,1,n)=vvh(ix,jy,llev)
      tt(ix,jy,1,n)=tth(ix,jy,llev,n)
      qv(ix,jy,1,n)=qvh(ix,jy,llev,n)
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! IP & SEC, 201812 add clouds
      if (readclouds) then
         clwc(ix,jy,1,n)=clwch(ix,jy,llev,n)
      endif 
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      pv(ix,jy,1,n)=pvh(ix,jy,llev)
      rho(ix,jy,1,n)=rhoh(llev)
      pplev(ix,jy,1,n)=akz(llev)
      uu(ix,jy,nz,n)=uuh(ix,jy,nuvz)
      vv(ix,jy,nz,n)=vvh(ix,jy,nuvz)
      tt(ix,jy,nz,n)=tth(ix,jy,nuvz,n)
      qv(ix,jy,nz,n)=qvh(ix,jy,nuvz,n)
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! IP & SEC, 201812 add clouds
      if (readclouds) then
         clwc(ix,jy,nz,n)=clwch(ix,jy,nuvz,n)
      endif
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      pv(ix,jy,nz,n)=pvh(ix,jy,nuvz)
      rho(ix,jy,nz,n)=rhoh(nuvz)
      pplev(ix,jy,nz,n)=akz(nuvz)
      kmin=llev+1
      do iz=2,nz-1
        do kz=kmin,nuvz
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          if(height(iz).gt.uvwzlev(ix,jy,nuvz)) then
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            uu(ix,jy,iz,n)=uu(ix,jy,nz,n)
            vv(ix,jy,iz,n)=vv(ix,jy,nz,n)
            tt(ix,jy,iz,n)=tt(ix,jy,nz,n)
            qv(ix,jy,iz,n)=qv(ix,jy,nz,n)
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! IP & SEC, 201812 add clouds
            if (readclouds) then
               clwc(ix,jy,iz,n)=clwc(ix,jy,nz,n)
            endif
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            pv(ix,jy,iz,n)=pv(ix,jy,nz,n)
            rho(ix,jy,iz,n)=rho(ix,jy,nz,n)
            pplev(ix,jy,iz,n)=pplev(ix,jy,nz,n)
            goto 30
          endif
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          if ((height(iz).gt.uvwzlev(ix,jy,kz-1)).and. &
          (height(iz).le.uvwzlev(ix,jy,kz))) then
            dz1=height(iz)-uvwzlev(ix,jy,kz-1)
            dz2=uvwzlev(ix,jy,kz)-height(iz)
            dz=dz1+dz2
            uu(ix,jy,iz,n)=(uuh(ix,jy,kz-1)*dz2+uuh(ix,jy,kz)*dz1)/dz
            vv(ix,jy,iz,n)=(vvh(ix,jy,kz-1)*dz2+vvh(ix,jy,kz)*dz1)/dz
            tt(ix,jy,iz,n)=(tth(ix,jy,kz-1,n)*dz2 &
            +tth(ix,jy,kz,n)*dz1)/dz
            qv(ix,jy,iz,n)=(qvh(ix,jy,kz-1,n)*dz2 &
            +qvh(ix,jy,kz,n)*dz1)/dz
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! IP & SEC, 201812 add clouds
            if (readclouds) then
               clwc(ix,jy,iz,n)=(clwch(ix,jy,kz-1,n)*dz2 &
               +clwch(ix,jy,kz,n)*dz1)/dz
            endif
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            pv(ix,jy,iz,n)=(pvh(ix,jy,kz-1)*dz2+pvh(ix,jy,kz)*dz1)/dz
            rho(ix,jy,iz,n)=(rhoh(kz-1)*dz2+rhoh(kz)*dz1)/dz
            pplev(ix,jy,iz,n)=(akz(kz-1)*dz2+akz(kz)*dz1)/dz
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          endif
        end do
30      continue
      end do


  ! Levels, where w is given
  !*************************

      ww(ix,jy,1,n)=wwh(ix,jy,llev)*pinmconv(llev)
      ww(ix,jy,nz,n)=wwh(ix,jy,nwz)*pinmconv(nz)
      kmin=llev+1
      do iz=2,nz
        do kz=kmin,nwz
          if ((height(iz).gt.wzlev(kz-1)).and. &
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          (height(iz).le.wzlev(kz))) then
            dz1=height(iz)-wzlev(kz-1)
            dz2=wzlev(kz)-height(iz)
            dz=dz1+dz2
            ww(ix,jy,iz,n)=(wwh(ix,jy,kz-1)*pinmconv(kz-1)*dz2 &
            +wwh(ix,jy,kz)*pinmconv(kz)*dz1)/dz
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          endif
        end do
      end do


  ! Compute density gradients at intermediate levels
  !*************************************************

      drhodz(ix,jy,1,n)=(rho(ix,jy,2,n)-rho(ix,jy,1,n))/ &
           (height(2)-height(1))
      do kz=2,nz-1
        drhodz(ix,jy,kz,n)=(rho(ix,jy,kz+1,n)-rho(ix,jy,kz-1,n))/ &
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        (height(kz+1)-height(kz-1))
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      end do
      drhodz(ix,jy,nz,n)=drhodz(ix,jy,nz-1,n)

    end do
  end do


  !****************************************************************
  ! Compute slope of eta levels in windward direction and resulting
  ! vertical wind correction
  !****************************************************************

  do jy=1,ny-2
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    cosf=cos((real(jy)*dy+ylat0)*pi180)
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    do ix=1,nx-2

  ! NCEP version: find first level above ground
      llev = 0
      do i=1,nuvz
       if (ps(ix,jy,1,n).lt.akz(i)) llev=i
      end do
       llev = llev+1
       if (llev.gt.nuvz-2) llev = nuvz-2
  !     if (llev.eq.nuvz-2) write(*,*) 'verttransform
  !    +WARNING: LLEV eq NUZV-2'
  ! NCEP version

      kmin=llev+1
      do iz=2,nz-1

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        ui=uu(ix,jy,iz,n)*dxconst/cosf
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        vi=vv(ix,jy,iz,n)*dyconst

        do kz=kmin,nz
          if ((height(iz).gt.uvwzlev(ix,jy,kz-1)).and. &
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          (height(iz).le.uvwzlev(ix,jy,kz))) then
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            dz1=height(iz)-uvwzlev(ix,jy,kz-1)
            dz2=uvwzlev(ix,jy,kz)-height(iz)
            dz=dz1+dz2
            kl=kz-1
            klp=kz
            goto 47
          endif
        end do

47      ix1=ix-1
        jy1=jy-1
        ixp=ix+1
        jyp=jy+1

        dzdx1=(uvwzlev(ixp,jy,kl)-uvwzlev(ix1,jy,kl))/2.
        dzdx2=(uvwzlev(ixp,jy,klp)-uvwzlev(ix1,jy,klp))/2.
        dzdx=(dzdx1*dz2+dzdx2*dz1)/dz

        dzdy1=(uvwzlev(ix,jyp,kl)-uvwzlev(ix,jy1,kl))/2.
        dzdy2=(uvwzlev(ix,jyp,klp)-uvwzlev(ix,jy1,klp))/2.
        dzdy=(dzdy1*dz2+dzdy2*dz1)/dz

        ww(ix,jy,iz,n)=ww(ix,jy,iz,n)+(dzdx*ui+dzdy*vi)

      end do

    end do
  end do


  ! If north pole is in the domain, calculate wind velocities in polar
  ! stereographic coordinates
  !*******************************************************************

  if (nglobal) then
    do jy=int(switchnorthg)-2,nymin1
      ylat=ylat0+real(jy)*dy
      do ix=0,nxmin1
        xlon=xlon0+real(ix)*dx
        do iz=1,nz
          call cc2gll(northpolemap,ylat,xlon,uu(ix,jy,iz,n), &
               vv(ix,jy,iz,n),uupol(ix,jy,iz,n), &
               vvpol(ix,jy,iz,n))
        end do
      end do
    end do


    do iz=1,nz

  ! CALCULATE FFPOL, DDPOL FOR CENTRAL GRID POINT
      xlon=xlon0+real(nx/2-1)*dx
      xlonr=xlon*pi/180.
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      ffpol=sqrt(uu(nx/2-1,nymin1,iz,n)**2+vv(nx/2-1,nymin1,iz,n)**2)
      if (vv(nx/2-1,nymin1,iz,n).lt.0.) then
        ddpol=atan(uu(nx/2-1,nymin1,iz,n)/vv(nx/2-1,nymin1,iz,n))-xlonr
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      elseif (vv(nx/2-1,nymin1,iz,n).gt.0.) then
        ddpol=pi+atan(uu(nx/2-1,nymin1,iz,n)/ &
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        vv(nx/2-1,nymin1,iz,n))-xlonr
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      else
        ddpol=pi/2-xlonr
      endif
      if(ddpol.lt.0.) ddpol=2.0*pi+ddpol
      if(ddpol.gt.2.0*pi) ddpol=ddpol-2.0*pi

  ! CALCULATE U,V FOR 180 DEG, TRANSFORM TO POLAR STEREOGRAPHIC GRID
      xlon=180.0
      xlonr=xlon*pi/180.
      ylat=90.0
      uuaux=-ffpol*sin(xlonr+ddpol)
      vvaux=-ffpol*cos(xlonr+ddpol)
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      call cc2gll(northpolemap,ylat,xlon,uuaux,vvaux,uupolaux,vvpolaux)
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      jy=nymin1
      do ix=0,nxmin1
        uupol(ix,jy,iz,n)=uupolaux
        vvpol(ix,jy,iz,n)=vvpolaux
      end do
    end do


  ! Fix: Set W at pole to the zonally averaged W of the next equator-
  ! ward parallel of latitude

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    do iz=1,nz
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      wdummy=0.
      jy=ny-2
      do ix=0,nxmin1
        wdummy=wdummy+ww(ix,jy,iz,n)
      end do
      wdummy=wdummy/real(nx)
      jy=nymin1
      do ix=0,nxmin1
        ww(ix,jy,iz,n)=wdummy
      end do
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    end do
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  endif


  ! If south pole is in the domain, calculate wind velocities in polar
  ! stereographic coordinates
  !*******************************************************************

  if (sglobal) then
    do jy=0,int(switchsouthg)+3
      ylat=ylat0+real(jy)*dy
      do ix=0,nxmin1
        xlon=xlon0+real(ix)*dx
        do iz=1,nz
          call cc2gll(southpolemap,ylat,xlon,uu(ix,jy,iz,n), &
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          vv(ix,jy,iz,n),uupol(ix,jy,iz,n),vvpol(ix,jy,iz,n))
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        end do
      end do
    end do

    do iz=1,nz

  ! CALCULATE FFPOL, DDPOL FOR CENTRAL GRID POINT
      xlon=xlon0+real(nx/2-1)*dx
      xlonr=xlon*pi/180.
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      ffpol=sqrt(uu(nx/2-1,0,iz,n)**2+vv(nx/2-1,0,iz,n)**2)
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      if(vv(nx/2-1,0,iz,n).lt.0.) then
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        ddpol=atan(uu(nx/2-1,0,iz,n)/vv(nx/2-1,0,iz,n))+xlonr
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      elseif (vv(nx/2-1,0,iz,n).gt.0.) then
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        ddpol=pi+atan(uu(nx/2-1,0,iz,n)/vv(nx/2-1,0,iz,n))-xlonr
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      else
        ddpol=pi/2-xlonr
      endif
      if(ddpol.lt.0.) ddpol=2.0*pi+ddpol
      if(ddpol.gt.2.0*pi) ddpol=ddpol-2.0*pi

  ! CALCULATE U,V FOR 180 DEG, TRANSFORM TO POLAR STEREOGRAPHIC GRID
      xlon=180.0
      xlonr=xlon*pi/180.
      ylat=-90.0
      uuaux=+ffpol*sin(xlonr-ddpol)
      vvaux=-ffpol*cos(xlonr-ddpol)
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      call cc2gll(northpolemap,ylat,xlon,uuaux,vvaux,uupolaux,vvpolaux)
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      jy=0
      do ix=0,nxmin1
        uupol(ix,jy,iz,n)=uupolaux
        vvpol(ix,jy,iz,n)=vvpolaux
      end do
    end do


  ! Fix: Set W at pole to the zonally averaged W of the next equator-
  ! ward parallel of latitude

    do iz=1,nz
      wdummy=0.
      jy=1
      do ix=0,nxmin1
        wdummy=wdummy+ww(ix,jy,iz,n)
      end do
      wdummy=wdummy/real(nx)
      jy=0
      do ix=0,nxmin1
        ww(ix,jy,iz,n)=wdummy
      end do
    end do
  endif


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!***********************************************************************************
! IP & SEC, 201812 GFS clouds read
  if (readclouds) then
! The method is loops all grids vertically and constructs the 3D matrix for clouds
! Cloud top and cloud bottom gid cells are assigned as well as the total column
! cloud water. For precipitating grids, the type and whether it is in or below
! cloud scavenging are assigned with numbers 2-5 (following the old metod).
! Distinction is done for lsp and convp though they are treated the same in regards
! to scavenging. Also clouds that are not precipitating are defined which may be
! to include future cloud processing by non-precipitating-clouds.
!***********************************************************************************
    write(*,*) 'Global NCEP fields: using cloud water'
    clw(:,:,:,n)=0.0
    ctwc(:,:,n)=0.0
    clouds(:,:,:,n)=0
! If water/ice are read separately into clwc and ciwc, store sum in clwc
    do jy=0,nymin1
      do ix=0,nxmin1
        lsp=lsprec(ix,jy,1,n)
        convp=convprec(ix,jy,1,n)
        prec=lsp+convp
! Find clouds in the vertical
        do kz=1, nz-1 !go from top to bottom
          if (clwc(ix,jy,kz,n).gt.0) then
! assuming rho is in kg/m3 and hz in m gives: kg/kg * kg/m3 *m3/kg /m = m2/m3
            clw(ix,jy,kz,n)=(clwc(ix,jy,kz,n)*rho(ix,jy,kz,n))*(height(kz+1)-height(kz))
            ctwc(ix,jy,n) = ctwc(ix,jy,n)+clw(ix,jy,kz,n)
            cloudh_min=min(height(kz+1),height(kz))
          endif
        end do

! If Precipitation. Define removal type in the vertical
        if ((lsp.gt.0.01).or.(convp.gt.0.01)) then ! cloud and precipitation

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          do kz=nz,2,-1 !go Bottom up!
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            if (clw(ix,jy,kz,n).gt. 0) then ! is in cloud
              cloudsh(ix,jy,n)=cloudsh(ix,jy,n)+height(kz)-height(kz-1)
              clouds(ix,jy,kz,n)=1                               ! is a cloud
              if (lsp.ge.convp) then
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                clouds(ix,jy,kz,n)=3                             ! lsp in-cloud
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              else
                clouds(ix,jy,kz,n)=2                             ! convp in-cloud
              endif                                              ! convective or large scale
            elseif((clw(ix,jy,kz,n).le.0) .and. (cloudh_min.ge.height(kz))) then ! is below cloud
              if (lsp.ge.convp) then
                clouds(ix,jy,kz,n)=5                             ! lsp dominated washout
              else
                clouds(ix,jy,kz,n)=4                             ! convp dominated washout
              endif                                              ! convective or large scale
            endif

            if (height(kz).ge. 19000) then                        ! set a max height for removal
              clouds(ix,jy,kz,n)=0
            endif !clw>0
          end do !nz
        endif ! precipitation
      end do
    end do
  else
  write(*,*) 'Global NCEP fields: using cloud water from Parameterization'
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  !   write (*,*) 'initializing clouds, n:',n,nymin1,nxmin1,nz
  !   create a cloud and rainout/washout field, clouds occur where rh>80%
  !   total cloudheight is stored at level 0
  do jy=0,nymin1
    do ix=0,nxmin1
      rain_cloud_above=0
      lsp=lsprec(ix,jy,1,n)
      convp=convprec(ix,jy,1,n)
      cloudsh(ix,jy,n)=0
      do kz_inv=1,nz-1
         kz=nz-kz_inv+1
         pressure=rho(ix,jy,kz,n)*r_air*tt(ix,jy,kz,n)
         rh=qv(ix,jy,kz,n)/f_qvsat(pressure,tt(ix,jy,kz,n))
         clouds(ix,jy,kz,n)=0
         if (rh.gt.0.8) then ! in cloud
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           if ((lsp.gt.0.01).or.(convp.gt.0.01)) then ! cloud and precipitation
              rain_cloud_above=1
              cloudsh(ix,jy,n)=cloudsh(ix,jy,n)+height(kz)-height(kz-1)
              if (lsp.ge.convp) then
                 clouds(ix,jy,kz,n)=3 ! lsp dominated rainout
              else
                 clouds(ix,jy,kz,n)=2 ! convp dominated rainout
              endif
           else ! no precipitation
             clouds(ix,jy,kz,n)=1 ! cloud
           endif
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         else ! no cloud
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           if (rain_cloud_above.eq.1) then ! scavenging
             if (lsp.ge.convp) then
               clouds(ix,jy,kz,n)=5 ! lsp dominated washout
             else
               clouds(ix,jy,kz,n)=4 ! convp dominated washout
             endif
           endif
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         endif
      end do
    end do
  end do
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  endif  ! IP & SEC 201812, GFS clouds read
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end subroutine verttransform_gfs