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!**********************************************************************
! Copyright 1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2005,2007,2008,2009,2010         *
! Andreas Stohl, Petra Seibert, A. Frank, Gerhard Wotawa,             *
! Caroline Forster, Sabine Eckhardt, John Burkhart, Harald Sodemann   *
!                                                                     *
! This file is part of FLEXPART.                                      *
!                                                                     *
! FLEXPART is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify    *
! it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by*
! the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or   *
! (at your option) any later version.                                 *
!                                                                     *
! FLEXPART is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,         *
! but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of      *
! MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the       *
! GNU General Public License for more details.                        *
!                                                                     *
! You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License   *
! along with FLEXPART.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.   *
!**********************************************************************

subroutine calcmatrix(lconv,delt,cbmf)
  !                        o    i    o
  !*****************************************************************************
  !                                                                            *
  !  This subroutine calculates the matrix describing convective               *
  !  redistribution of mass in a grid column, using the subroutine             *
  !  convect43c.f provided by Kerry Emanuel.                                   *
  !                                                                            *
  !  Petra Seibert, Bernd C. Krueger, 2000-2001                                *
  !                                                                            *
  !  changed by C. Forster, November 2003 - February 2004                      *
  !  array fmassfrac(nconvlevmax,nconvlevmax) represents                       *
  !  the convective redistribution matrix for the particles                    *
  !                                                                            *
  !  Changes by C. Forster, November 2005, NCEP GFS version                    *
  !                                                                            *
  !  lconv        indicates whether there is convection in this cell, or not   *
  !  delt         time step for convection [s]                                 *
  !  cbmf         cloud base mass flux                                         *
  !                                                                            *
  !*****************************************************************************

  use par_mod
  use com_mod
  use conv_mod

  implicit none

  real :: rlevmass,summe

  integer :: iflag, k, kk, kuvz

  !1-d variables for convection
  !variables for redistribution matrix
  real :: cbmfold, precip, qprime
  real :: tprime, wd, f_qvsat
  real :: delt,cbmf
  logical :: lconv

  lconv = .false.


  ! calculate pressure at eta levels for use in convect
  ! and assign temp & spec. hum. to 1D workspace
  ! -------------------------------------------------------

  ! pconv(1) is the pressure at the first level above ground
  ! phconv(k) is the pressure between levels k-1 and k
  ! dpr(k) is the pressure difference "around" tconv(k)
  ! phconv(kmax) must also be defined 1/2 level above pconv(kmax)
  ! Therefore, we define k = kuvz-1 and let kuvz start from 2
  ! top layer cannot be used for convection because p at top of this layer is
  ! not given

  phconv(1) = psconv
  do kuvz = 2,nuvz
    k = kuvz-1
    phconv(kuvz) =  0.5*(pconv(kuvz)+pconv(k))
    dpr(k) = phconv(k) - phconv(kuvz)
    qsconv(k) = f_qvsat( pconv(k), tconv(k) )
  ! initialize mass fractions
    do kk=1,nconvlev
      fmassfrac(k,kk)=0.
    enddo
  end do

  !note that Emanuel says it is important
  !a. to set this =0. every grid point
  !b. to keep this value in the calling programme in the iteration

  ! CALL CONVECTION
  !******************

    cbmfold = cbmf
  ! Convert pressures to hPa, as required by Emanuel scheme
  !********************************************************
!!$    do k=1,nconvlev     !old
    do k=1,nconvlev+1      !bugfix
      pconv_hpa(k)=pconv(k)/100.
      phconv_hpa(k)=phconv(k)/100.
    end do
    phconv_hpa(nconvlev+1)=phconv(nconvlev+1)/100.
    call convect(nconvlevmax, nconvlev, delt, iflag, &
         precip, wd, tprime, qprime, cbmf)

  ! do not update fmassfrac and cloudbase massflux
  ! if no convection takes place or
  ! if a CFL criterion is violated in convect43c.f
   if (iflag .ne. 1 .and. iflag .ne. 4) then
     cbmf=cbmfold
     goto 200
   endif

  ! do not update fmassfrac and cloudbase massflux
  ! if the old and the new cloud base mass
  ! fluxes are zero
   if (cbmf.le.0..and.cbmfold.le.0.) then
     cbmf=cbmfold
     goto 200
   endif

  ! Update fmassfrac
  ! account for mass displaced from level k to level k

   lconv = .true.
    do k=1,nconvtop
      rlevmass = dpr(k)/ga
      summe = 0.
      do kk=1,nconvtop
        fmassfrac(k,kk) = delt*fmass(k,kk)
        summe = summe + fmassfrac(k,kk)
      end do
      fmassfrac(k,k)=fmassfrac(k,k) + rlevmass - summe
    end do

200   continue

end subroutine calcmatrix