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!**********************************************************************
! Copyright 1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2005,2007,2008,2009,2010         *
! Andreas Stohl, Petra Seibert, A. Frank, Gerhard Wotawa,             *
! Caroline Forster, Sabine Eckhardt, John Burkhart, Harald Sodemann   *
!                                                                     *
! This file is part of FLEXPART.                                      *
!                                                                     *
! FLEXPART is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify    *
! it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by*
! the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or   *
! (at your option) any later version.                                 *
!                                                                     *
! FLEXPART is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,         *
! but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of      *
! MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the       *
! GNU General Public License for more details.                        *
!                                                                     *
! You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License   *
! along with FLEXPART.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.   *
!**********************************************************************

subroutine readwind(indj,n,uuh,vvh,wwh)

  !***********************************************************************
  !*                                                                     *
  !*             TRAJECTORY MODEL SUBROUTINE READWIND                    *
  !*                                                                     *
  !***********************************************************************
  !*                                                                     *
  !*             AUTHOR:      G. WOTAWA                                  *
  !*             DATE:        1997-08-05                                 *
  !*             LAST UPDATE: 2000-10-17, Andreas Stohl                  *
  !*             CHANGE: 01/02/2001, Bernd C. Krueger, Variables tth and *
  !*                     qvh (on eta coordinates) in common block        *
  !*             CHANGE: 16/11/2005, Caroline Forster, GFS data          *
  !*             CHANGE: 11/01/2008, Harald Sodemann, Input of GRIB1/2   *
  !*                     data with the ECMWF grib_api library            *
  !*             CHANGE: 03/12/2008, Harald Sodemann, update to f90 with *
  !*                                 ECMWF grib_api                      *
  !*                                                                     *
  !***********************************************************************
  !*                                                                     *
  !* DESCRIPTION:                                                        *
  !*                                                                     *
  !* READING OF ECMWF METEOROLOGICAL FIELDS FROM INPUT DATA FILES. THE   *
  !* INPUT DATA FILES ARE EXPECTED TO BE AVAILABLE IN GRIB CODE          *
  !*                                                                     *
  !* INPUT:                                                              *
  !* indj               indicates number of the wind field to be read in *
  !* n                  temporal index for meteorological fields (1 to 3)*
  !*                                                                     *
  !* IMPORTANT VARIABLES FROM COMMON BLOCK:                              *
  !*                                                                     *
  !* wfname             File name of data to be read in                  *
  !* nx,ny,nuvz,nwz     expected field dimensions                        *
  !* nlev_ec            number of vertical levels ecmwf model            *
  !* uu,vv,ww           wind fields                                      *
  !* tt,qv              temperature and specific humidity                *
  !* ps                 surface pressure                                 *
  !*                                                                     *
  !***********************************************************************

  use grib_api
  use par_mod
  use com_mod

  implicit none

  !HSO  new parameters for grib_api
  integer :: ifile
  integer :: iret
  integer :: igrib
  integer :: gribVer,parCat,parNum,typSurf,valSurf,discipl
  !HSO end edits
  real :: uuh(0:nxmax-1,0:nymax-1,nuvzmax)
  real :: vvh(0:nxmax-1,0:nymax-1,nuvzmax)
  real :: wwh(0:nxmax-1,0:nymax-1,nwzmax)
  integer :: ii,indj,i,j,k,n,levdiff2,ifield,iumax,iwmax

  ! NCEP
  integer :: numpt,numpu,numpv,numpw,numprh
  real :: help, temp, ew
  real :: elev
  real :: ulev1(0:nxmax-1,0:nymax-1),vlev1(0:nxmax-1,0:nymax-1)
  real :: tlev1(0:nxmax-1,0:nymax-1)
  real :: qvh2(0:nxmax-1,0:nymax-1)

  integer :: i179,i180,i181

  ! VARIABLES AND ARRAYS NEEDED FOR GRIB DECODING
  !HSO kept isec1, isec2 and zsec4 for consistency with gribex GRIB input

  integer :: isec1(8),isec2(3)
  real(kind=4) :: zsec4(jpunp)
  real(kind=4) :: xaux,yaux,xaux0,yaux0
  real(kind=8) :: xauxin,yauxin
  real,parameter :: eps=1.e-4
  real(kind=4) :: ewss(0:nxmax-1,0:nymax-1),nsss(0:nxmax-1,0:nymax-1)
  real :: plev1,hlev1,ff10m,fflev1

  logical :: hflswitch,strswitch

  !HSO  for grib api error messages
  character(len=24) :: gribErrorMsg = 'Error reading grib file'
  character(len=20) :: gribFunction = 'readwind_gfs'


  hflswitch=.false.
  strswitch=.false.
  levdiff2=nlev_ec-nwz+1
  iumax=0
  iwmax=0


  ! OPENING OF DATA FILE (GRIB CODE)

  !HSO
5   call grib_open_file(ifile,path(3)(1:length(3)) &
         //trim(wfname(indj)),'r',iret)
  if (iret.ne.GRIB_SUCCESS) then
    goto 888   ! ERROR DETECTED
  endif
  !turn on support for multi fields messages
  call grib_multi_support_on

  numpt=0
  numpu=0
  numpv=0
  numpw=0
  numprh=0
  ifield=0
10   ifield=ifield+1
  !
  ! GET NEXT FIELDS
  !
  call grib_new_from_file(ifile,igrib,iret)
  if (iret.eq.GRIB_END_OF_FILE)  then
    goto 50    ! EOF DETECTED
  elseif (iret.ne.GRIB_SUCCESS) then
    goto 888   ! ERROR DETECTED
  endif

  !first see if we read GRIB1 or GRIB2
  call grib_get_int(igrib,'editionNumber',gribVer,iret)
  call grib_check(iret,gribFunction,gribErrorMsg)

  if (gribVer.eq.1) then ! GRIB Edition 1

  !read the grib1 identifiers
  call grib_get_int(igrib,'indicatorOfParameter',isec1(6),iret)
  call grib_check(iret,gribFunction,gribErrorMsg)
  call grib_get_int(igrib,'indicatorOfTypeOfLevel',isec1(7),iret)
  call grib_check(iret,gribFunction,gribErrorMsg)
  call grib_get_int(igrib,'level',isec1(8),iret)
  call grib_check(iret,gribFunction,gribErrorMsg)

  else ! GRIB Edition 2

  !read the grib2 identifiers
  call grib_get_int(igrib,'discipline',discipl,iret)
  call grib_check(iret,gribFunction,gribErrorMsg)
  call grib_get_int(igrib,'parameterCategory',parCat,iret)
  call grib_check(iret,gribFunction,gribErrorMsg)
  call grib_get_int(igrib,'parameterNumber',parNum,iret)
  call grib_check(iret,gribFunction,gribErrorMsg)
  call grib_get_int(igrib,'typeOfFirstFixedSurface',typSurf,iret)
  call grib_check(iret,gribFunction,gribErrorMsg)
  call grib_get_int(igrib,'scaledValueOfFirstFixedSurface', &
       valSurf,iret)
  call grib_check(iret,gribFunction,gribErrorMsg)

  !convert to grib1 identifiers
  isec1(6)=-1
  isec1(7)=-1
  isec1(8)=-1
  if ((parCat.eq.0).and.(parNum.eq.0).and.(typSurf.eq.100)) then ! T
    isec1(6)=11          ! indicatorOfParameter
    isec1(7)=100         ! indicatorOfTypeOfLevel
    isec1(8)=valSurf/100 ! level, convert to hPa
  elseif ((parCat.eq.2).and.(parNum.eq.2).and.(typSurf.eq.100)) then ! U
    isec1(6)=33          ! indicatorOfParameter
    isec1(7)=100         ! indicatorOfTypeOfLevel
    isec1(8)=valSurf/100 ! level, convert to hPa
  elseif ((parCat.eq.2).and.(parNum.eq.3).and.(typSurf.eq.100)) then ! V
    isec1(6)=34          ! indicatorOfParameter
    isec1(7)=100         ! indicatorOfTypeOfLevel
    isec1(8)=valSurf/100 ! level, convert to hPa
  elseif ((parCat.eq.2).and.(parNum.eq.8).and.(typSurf.eq.100)) then ! W
    isec1(6)=39          ! indicatorOfParameter
    isec1(7)=100         ! indicatorOfTypeOfLevel
    isec1(8)=valSurf/100 ! level, convert to hPa
  elseif ((parCat.eq.1).and.(parNum.eq.1).and.(typSurf.eq.100)) then ! RH
    isec1(6)=52          ! indicatorOfParameter
    isec1(7)=100         ! indicatorOfTypeOfLevel
    isec1(8)=valSurf/100 ! level, convert to hPa
  elseif ((parCat.eq.1).and.(parNum.eq.1).and.(typSurf.eq.103)) then ! RH2
    isec1(6)=52          ! indicatorOfParameter
    isec1(7)=105         ! indicatorOfTypeOfLevel
    isec1(8)=2
  elseif ((parCat.eq.0).and.(parNum.eq.0).and.(typSurf.eq.103)) then ! T2
    isec1(6)=11          ! indicatorOfParameter
    isec1(7)=105         ! indicatorOfTypeOfLevel
    isec1(8)=2
  elseif ((parCat.eq.2).and.(parNum.eq.2).and.(typSurf.eq.103)) then ! U10
    isec1(6)=33          ! indicatorOfParameter
    isec1(7)=105         ! indicatorOfTypeOfLevel
    isec1(8)=10
  elseif ((parCat.eq.2).and.(parNum.eq.3).and.(typSurf.eq.103)) then ! V10
    isec1(6)=34          ! indicatorOfParameter
    isec1(7)=105         ! indicatorOfTypeOfLevel
    isec1(8)=10
  elseif ((parCat.eq.3).and.(parNum.eq.1).and.(typSurf.eq.101)) then ! SLP
    isec1(6)=2           ! indicatorOfParameter
    isec1(7)=102         ! indicatorOfTypeOfLevel
    isec1(8)=0
  elseif ((parCat.eq.3).and.(parNum.eq.0).and.(typSurf.eq.1)) then ! SP
    isec1(6)=1           ! indicatorOfParameter
    isec1(7)=1           ! indicatorOfTypeOfLevel
    isec1(8)=0
  elseif ((parCat.eq.1).and.(parNum.eq.13).and.(typSurf.eq.1)) then ! SNOW
    isec1(6)=66          ! indicatorOfParameter
    isec1(7)=1           ! indicatorOfTypeOfLevel
    isec1(8)=0
  elseif ((parCat.eq.0).and.(parNum.eq.0).and.(typSurf.eq.104)) then ! T sigma 0
    isec1(6)=11          ! indicatorOfParameter
    isec1(7)=107         ! indicatorOfTypeOfLevel
    isec1(8)=0.995       ! lowest sigma level
  elseif ((parCat.eq.2).and.(parNum.eq.2).and.(typSurf.eq.104)) then ! U sigma 0
    isec1(6)=33          ! indicatorOfParameter
    isec1(7)=107         ! indicatorOfTypeOfLevel
    isec1(8)=0.995       ! lowest sigma level
  elseif ((parCat.eq.2).and.(parNum.eq.3).and.(typSurf.eq.104)) then ! V sigma 0
    isec1(6)=34          ! indicatorOfParameter
    isec1(7)=107         ! indicatorOfTypeOfLevel
    isec1(8)=0.995       ! lowest sigma level
  elseif ((parCat.eq.3).and.(parNum.eq.5).and.(typSurf.eq.1)) then ! TOPO
    isec1(6)=7           ! indicatorOfParameter
    isec1(7)=1           ! indicatorOfTypeOfLevel
    isec1(8)=0
  elseif ((parCat.eq.0).and.(parNum.eq.0).and.(typSurf.eq.1) &
       .and.(discipl.eq.2)) then ! LSM
    isec1(6)=81          ! indicatorOfParameter
    isec1(7)=1           ! indicatorOfTypeOfLevel
    isec1(8)=0
  elseif ((parCat.eq.3).and.(parNum.eq.196).and.(typSurf.eq.1)) then ! BLH
    isec1(6)=221         ! indicatorOfParameter
    isec1(7)=1           ! indicatorOfTypeOfLevel
    isec1(8)=0
  elseif ((parCat.eq.1).and.(parNum.eq.7).and.(typSurf.eq.1)) then ! LSP/TP
    isec1(6)=62          ! indicatorOfParameter
    isec1(7)=1           ! indicatorOfTypeOfLevel
    isec1(8)=0
  elseif ((parCat.eq.1).and.(parNum.eq.196).and.(typSurf.eq.1)) then ! CP
    isec1(6)=63          ! indicatorOfParameter
    isec1(7)=1           ! indicatorOfTypeOfLevel
    isec1(8)=0
  endif

  endif ! gribVer

  if (isec1(6).ne.-1) then
  !  get the size and data of the values array
    call grib_get_real4_array(igrib,'values',zsec4,iret)
    call grib_check(iret,gribFunction,gribErrorMsg)
  endif

  if(ifield.eq.1) then

  !get the required fields from section 2
  !store compatible to gribex input
  call grib_get_int(igrib,'numberOfPointsAlongAParallel', &
       isec2(2),iret)
  call grib_check(iret,gribFunction,gribErrorMsg)
  call grib_get_int(igrib,'numberOfPointsAlongAMeridian', &
       isec2(3),iret)
  call grib_check(iret,gribFunction,gribErrorMsg)
  call grib_get_real8(igrib,'longitudeOfFirstGridPointInDegrees', &
       xauxin,iret)
  call grib_check(iret,gribFunction,gribErrorMsg)
  call grib_get_real8(igrib,'latitudeOfLastGridPointInDegrees', &
       yauxin,iret)
  call grib_check(iret,gribFunction,gribErrorMsg)
  xaux=xauxin+real(nxshift)*dx
  yaux=yauxin

  ! CHECK GRID SPECIFICATIONS

    if(isec2(2).ne.nxfield) stop 'READWIND: NX NOT CONSISTENT'
    if(isec2(3).ne.ny) stop 'READWIND: NY NOT CONSISTENT'
    if(xaux.eq.0.) xaux=-179.0     ! NCEP DATA
    xaux0=xlon0
    yaux0=ylat0
    if(xaux.lt.0.) xaux=xaux+360.
    if(yaux.lt.0.) yaux=yaux+360.
    if(xaux0.lt.0.) xaux0=xaux0+360.
    if(yaux0.lt.0.) yaux0=yaux0+360.
    if(abs(xaux-xaux0).gt.eps) &
         stop 'READWIND: LOWER LEFT LONGITUDE NOT CONSISTENT'
    if(abs(yaux-yaux0).gt.eps) &
         stop 'READWIND: LOWER LEFT LATITUDE NOT CONSISTENT'
  endif
  !HSO end of edits

  i179=nint(179./dx)
  if (dx.lt.0.7) then
    i180=nint(180./dx)+1    ! 0.5 deg data
  else
    i180=nint(179./dx)+1    ! 1 deg data
  endif
  i181=i180+1

  if (isec1(6).ne.-1) then

  do j=0,nymin1
    do i=0,nxfield-1
      if((isec1(6).eq.011).and.(isec1(7).eq.100)) then
  ! TEMPERATURE
         if((i.eq.0).and.(j.eq.0)) then
            do ii=1,nuvz
              if ((isec1(8)*100.0).eq.akz(ii)) numpt=ii
            end do
        endif
        help=zsec4(nxfield*(ny-j-1)+i+1)
        if(i.le.i180) then
          tth(i179+i,j,numpt,n)=help
        else
          tth(i-i181,j,numpt,n)=help
        endif
      endif
      if((isec1(6).eq.033).and.(isec1(7).eq.100)) then
  ! U VELOCITY
         if((i.eq.0).and.(j.eq.0)) then
            do ii=1,nuvz
              if ((isec1(8)*100.0).eq.akz(ii)) numpu=ii
            end do
        endif
        help=zsec4(nxfield*(ny-j-1)+i+1)
        if(i.le.i180) then
          uuh(i179+i,j,numpu)=help
        else
          uuh(i-i181,j,numpu)=help
        endif
      endif
      if((isec1(6).eq.034).and.(isec1(7).eq.100)) then
  ! V VELOCITY
         if((i.eq.0).and.(j.eq.0)) then
            do ii=1,nuvz
              if ((isec1(8)*100.0).eq.akz(ii)) numpv=ii
            end do
        endif
        help=zsec4(nxfield*(ny-j-1)+i+1)
        if(i.le.i180) then
          vvh(i179+i,j,numpv)=help
        else
          vvh(i-i181,j,numpv)=help
        endif
      endif
      if((isec1(6).eq.052).and.(isec1(7).eq.100)) then
  ! RELATIVE HUMIDITY -> CONVERT TO SPECIFIC HUMIDITY LATER
         if((i.eq.0).and.(j.eq.0)) then
            do ii=1,nuvz
              if ((isec1(8)*100.0).eq.akz(ii)) numprh=ii
            end do
        endif
        help=zsec4(nxfield*(ny-j-1)+i+1)
        if(i.le.i180) then
          qvh(i179+i,j,numprh,n)=help
        else
          qvh(i-i181,j,numprh,n)=help
        endif
      endif
      if((isec1(6).eq.001).and.(isec1(7).eq.001)) then
  ! SURFACE PRESSURE
        help=zsec4(nxfield*(ny-j-1)+i+1)
        if(i.le.i180) then
          ps(i179+i,j,1,n)=help
        else
          ps(i-i181,j,1,n)=help
        endif
      endif
      if((isec1(6).eq.039).and.(isec1(7).eq.100)) then
  ! W VELOCITY
         if((i.eq.0).and.(j.eq.0)) then
            do ii=1,nuvz
              if ((isec1(8)*100.0).eq.akz(ii)) numpw=ii
            end do
        endif
        help=zsec4(nxfield*(ny-j-1)+i+1)
        if(i.le.i180) then
          wwh(i179+i,j,numpw)=help
        else
          wwh(i-i181,j,numpw)=help
        endif
      endif
      if((isec1(6).eq.066).and.(isec1(7).eq.001)) then
  ! SNOW DEPTH
        help=zsec4(nxfield*(ny-j-1)+i+1)
        if(i.le.i180) then
          sd(i179+i,j,1,n)=help
        else
          sd(i-i181,j,1,n)=help
        endif
      endif
      if((isec1(6).eq.002).and.(isec1(7).eq.102)) then
  ! MEAN SEA LEVEL PRESSURE
        help=zsec4(nxfield*(ny-j-1)+i+1)
        if(i.le.i180) then
          msl(i179+i,j,1,n)=help
        else
          msl(i-i181,j,1,n)=help
        endif
      endif
      if((isec1(6).eq.071).and.(isec1(7).eq.244)) then
  ! TOTAL CLOUD COVER
        help=zsec4(nxfield*(ny-j-1)+i+1)
        if(i.le.i180) then
          tcc(i179+i,j,1,n)=help
        else
          tcc(i-i181,j,1,n)=help
        endif
      endif
      if((isec1(6).eq.033).and.(isec1(7).eq.105).and. &
           (isec1(8).eq.10)) then
  ! 10 M U VELOCITY
        help=zsec4(nxfield*(ny-j-1)+i+1)
        if(i.le.i180) then
          u10(i179+i,j,1,n)=help
        else
          u10(i-i181,j,1,n)=help
        endif
      endif
      if((isec1(6).eq.034).and.(isec1(7).eq.105).and. &
           (isec1(8).eq.10)) then
  ! 10 M V VELOCITY
        help=zsec4(nxfield*(ny-j-1)+i+1)
        if(i.le.i180) then
          v10(i179+i,j,1,n)=help
        else
          v10(i-i181,j,1,n)=help
        endif
      endif
      if((isec1(6).eq.011).and.(isec1(7).eq.105).and. &
           (isec1(8).eq.02)) then
  ! 2 M TEMPERATURE
        help=zsec4(nxfield*(ny-j-1)+i+1)
        if(i.le.i180) then
          tt2(i179+i,j,1,n)=help
        else
          tt2(i-i181,j,1,n)=help
        endif
      endif
      if((isec1(6).eq.017).and.(isec1(7).eq.105).and. &
           (isec1(8).eq.02)) then
  ! 2 M DEW POINT TEMPERATURE
        help=zsec4(nxfield*(ny-j-1)+i+1)
        if(i.le.i180) then
          td2(i179+i,j,1,n)=help
        else
          td2(i-i181,j,1,n)=help
        endif
      endif
      if((isec1(6).eq.062).and.(isec1(7).eq.001)) then
  ! LARGE SCALE PREC.
        help=zsec4(nxfield*(ny-j-1)+i+1)
        if(i.le.i180) then
          lsprec(i179+i,j,1,n)=help
        else
          lsprec(i-i181,j,1,n)=help
        endif
      endif
      if((isec1(6).eq.063).and.(isec1(7).eq.001)) then
  ! CONVECTIVE PREC.
        help=zsec4(nxfield*(ny-j-1)+i+1)
        if(i.le.i180) then
          convprec(i179+i,j,1,n)=help
        else
          convprec(i-i181,j,1,n)=help
        endif
      endif
      if((isec1(6).eq.007).and.(isec1(7).eq.001)) then
  ! TOPOGRAPHY
        help=zsec4(nxfield*(ny-j-1)+i+1)
        if(i.le.i180) then
          oro(i179+i,j)=help
          excessoro(i179+i,j)=0.0 ! ISOBARIC SURFACES: SUBGRID TERRAIN DISREGARDED
        else
          oro(i-i181,j)=help
          excessoro(i-i181,j)=0.0 ! ISOBARIC SURFACES: SUBGRID TERRAIN DISREGARDED
        endif
      endif
      if((isec1(6).eq.081).and.(isec1(7).eq.001)) then
  ! LAND SEA MASK
        help=zsec4(nxfield*(ny-j-1)+i+1)
        if(i.le.i180) then
          lsm(i179+i,j)=help
        else
          lsm(i-i181,j)=help
        endif
      endif
      if((isec1(6).eq.221).and.(isec1(7).eq.001)) then
  ! MIXING HEIGHT
        help=zsec4(nxfield*(ny-j-1)+i+1)
        if(i.le.i180) then
          hmix(i179+i,j,1,n)=help
        else
          hmix(i-i181,j,1,n)=help
        endif
      endif
      if((isec1(6).eq.052).and.(isec1(7).eq.105).and. &
           (isec1(8).eq.02)) then
  ! 2 M RELATIVE HUMIDITY
        help=zsec4(nxfield*(ny-j-1)+i+1)
        if(i.le.i180) then
          qvh2(i179+i,j)=help
        else
          qvh2(i-i181,j)=help
        endif
      endif
      if((isec1(6).eq.011).and.(isec1(7).eq.107)) then
  ! TEMPERATURE LOWEST SIGMA LEVEL
        help=zsec4(nxfield*(ny-j-1)+i+1)
        if(i.le.i180) then
          tlev1(i179+i,j)=help
        else
          tlev1(i-i181,j)=help
        endif
      endif
      if((isec1(6).eq.033).and.(isec1(7).eq.107)) then
  ! U VELOCITY LOWEST SIGMA LEVEL
        help=zsec4(nxfield*(ny-j-1)+i+1)
        if(i.le.i180) then
          ulev1(i179+i,j)=help
        else
          ulev1(i-i181,j)=help
        endif
      endif
      if((isec1(6).eq.034).and.(isec1(7).eq.107)) then
  ! V VELOCITY LOWEST SIGMA LEVEL
        help=zsec4(nxfield*(ny-j-1)+i+1)
        if(i.le.i180) then
          vlev1(i179+i,j)=help
        else
          vlev1(i-i181,j)=help
        endif
      endif

    end do
  end do

  endif

  if((isec1(6).eq.33).and.(isec1(7).eq.100)) then
  ! NCEP ISOBARIC LEVELS
    iumax=iumax+1
  endif

  call grib_release(igrib)
  goto 10                      !! READ NEXT LEVEL OR PARAMETER
  !
  ! CLOSING OF INPUT DATA FILE
  !

  !HSO close grib file
50   continue
  call grib_close_file(ifile)

  ! SENS. HEAT FLUX
  sshf(:,:,1,n)=0.0     ! not available from gfs.tccz.pgrbfxx files
  hflswitch=.false.    ! Heat flux not available
  ! SOLAR RADIATIVE FLUXES
  ssr(:,:,1,n)=0.0      ! not available from gfs.tccz.pgrbfxx files
  ! EW SURFACE STRESS
  ewss=0.0         ! not available from gfs.tccz.pgrbfxx files
  ! NS SURFACE STRESS
  nsss=0.0         ! not available from gfs.tccz.pgrbfxx files
  strswitch=.false.    ! stress not available

  ! CONVERT TP TO LSP (GRIB2 only)
  if (gribVer.eq.2) then
    do j=0,nymin1
    do i=0,nxfield-1
     if(i.le.i180) then
     if (convprec(i179+i,j,1,n).lt.lsprec(i179+i,j,1,n)) then ! neg precip would occur
         lsprec(i179+i,j,1,n)= &
              lsprec(i179+i,j,1,n)-convprec(i179+i,j,1,n)
     else
         lsprec(i179+i,j,1,n)=0
     endif
     else
     if (convprec(i-i181,j,1,n).lt.lsprec(i-i181,j,1,n)) then
          lsprec(i-i181,j,1,n)= &
               lsprec(i-i181,j,1,n)-convprec(i-i181,j,1,n)
     else
          lsprec(i-i181,j,1,n)=0
     endif
     endif
    enddo
    enddo
  endif
  !HSO end edits


  ! TRANSFORM RH TO SPECIFIC HUMIDITY

  do j=0,ny-1
    do i=0,nxfield-1
      do k=1,nuvz
        help=qvh(i,j,k,n)
        temp=tth(i,j,k,n)
        plev1=akm(k)+bkm(k)*ps(i,j,1,n)
        elev=ew(temp)*help/100.0
        qvh(i,j,k,n)=xmwml*(elev/(plev1-((1.0-xmwml)*elev)))
      end do
    end do
  end do

  ! CALCULATE 2 M DEW POINT FROM 2 M RELATIVE HUMIDITY
  ! USING BOLTON'S (1980) FORMULA
  ! BECAUSE td2 IS NOT AVAILABLE FROM NCEP GFS DATA

  do j=0,ny-1
    do i=0,nxfield-1
        help=qvh2(i,j)
        temp=tt2(i,j,1,n)
        elev=ew(temp)/100.*help/100.   !vapour pressure in hPa
        td2(i,j,1,n)=243.5/(17.67/log(elev/6.112)-1)+273.
        if (help.le.0.) td2(i,j,1,n)=tt2(i,j,1,n)
    end do
  end do

  if(levdiff2.eq.0) then
    iwmax=nlev_ec+1
    do i=0,nxmin1
      do j=0,nymin1
        wwh(i,j,nlev_ec+1)=0.
      end do
    end do
  endif


  ! For global fields, assign the leftmost data column also to the rightmost
  ! data column; if required, shift whole grid by nxshift grid points
  !*************************************************************************

  if (xglobal) then
    call shift_field_0(ewss,nxfield,ny)
    call shift_field_0(nsss,nxfield,ny)
    call shift_field_0(oro,nxfield,ny)
    call shift_field_0(excessoro,nxfield,ny)
    call shift_field_0(lsm,nxfield,ny)
    call shift_field_0(ulev1,nxfield,ny)
    call shift_field_0(vlev1,nxfield,ny)
    call shift_field_0(tlev1,nxfield,ny)
    call shift_field_0(qvh2,nxfield,ny)
    call shift_field(ps,nxfield,ny,1,1,2,n)
    call shift_field(sd,nxfield,ny,1,1,2,n)
    call shift_field(msl,nxfield,ny,1,1,2,n)
    call shift_field(tcc,nxfield,ny,1,1,2,n)
    call shift_field(u10,nxfield,ny,1,1,2,n)
    call shift_field(v10,nxfield,ny,1,1,2,n)
    call shift_field(tt2,nxfield,ny,1,1,2,n)
    call shift_field(td2,nxfield,ny,1,1,2,n)
    call shift_field(lsprec,nxfield,ny,1,1,2,n)
    call shift_field(convprec,nxfield,ny,1,1,2,n)
    call shift_field(sshf,nxfield,ny,1,1,2,n)
    call shift_field(ssr,nxfield,ny,1,1,2,n)
    call shift_field(hmix,nxfield,ny,1,1,2,n)
    call shift_field(tth,nxfield,ny,nuvzmax,nuvz,2,n)
    call shift_field(qvh,nxfield,ny,nuvzmax,nuvz,2,n)
    call shift_field(uuh,nxfield,ny,nuvzmax,nuvz,1,1)
    call shift_field(vvh,nxfield,ny,nuvzmax,nuvz,1,1)
    call shift_field(wwh,nxfield,ny,nwzmax,nwz,1,1)
  endif

  do i=0,nxmin1
    do j=0,nymin1
  ! Convert precip. from mm/s -> mm/hour
      convprec(i,j,1,n)=convprec(i,j,1,n)*3600.
      lsprec(i,j,1,n)=lsprec(i,j,1,n)*3600.
      surfstr(i,j,1,n)=sqrt(ewss(i,j)**2+nsss(i,j)**2)
    end do
  end do

  if ((.not.hflswitch).or.(.not.strswitch)) then
  !  write(*,*) 'WARNING: No flux data contained in GRIB file ',
  !    +  wfname(indj)

  ! CALCULATE USTAR AND SSHF USING THE PROFILE METHOD
  !***************************************************************************

    do i=0,nxmin1
      do j=0,nymin1
        hlev1=30.0                     ! HEIGHT OF FIRST MODEL SIGMA LAYER
        ff10m= sqrt(u10(i,j,1,n)**2+v10(i,j,1,n)**2)
        fflev1=sqrt(ulev1(i,j)**2+vlev1(i,j)**2)
        call pbl_profile(ps(i,j,1,n),td2(i,j,1,n),hlev1, &
             tt2(i,j,1,n),tlev1(i,j),ff10m,fflev1, &
             surfstr(i,j,1,n),sshf(i,j,1,n))
        if(sshf(i,j,1,n).gt.200.) sshf(i,j,1,n)=200.
        if(sshf(i,j,1,n).lt.-400.) sshf(i,j,1,n)=-400.
      end do
    end do
  endif

  if(iumax.ne.nuvz) stop 'READWIND: NUVZ NOT CONSISTENT'
  if(iumax.ne.nwz)    stop 'READWIND: NWZ NOT CONSISTENT'

  return
888   write(*,*) ' #### FLEXPART MODEL ERROR! WINDFIELD         #### '
  write(*,*) ' #### ',wfname(indj),'                    #### '
  write(*,*) ' #### IS NOT GRIB FORMAT !!!                  #### '
  stop 'Execution terminated'
999   write(*,*) ' #### FLEXPART MODEL ERROR! WINDFIELD         #### '
  write(*,*) ' #### ',wfname(indj),'                    #### '
  write(*,*) ' #### CANNOT BE OPENED !!!                    #### '
  stop 'Execution terminated'

end subroutine readwind